The Treaty of Paris of 1783: The End to the Revolutionary War


The painting includes the delegates from America, the British refused to pose for the painting. It was left unfinished. Source:

The American Revolutionary War begun April 19, 1775 and persisted until 1783, when the Treaty of paris was signed. The date was September 3, 1783 to be exact. The Treaty ended the raging war between America and Britain, giving America its freedom after years of being under British rule.

America won the Battle of Yorktown with help from the French on October 19, 1781. This led to conversations about ending the war in April 1782. Now that the French were there to help the colonies, they were constantly defeating the British. Without the French, America would have most likely never won the war.

In September of 1782, a solution to end the war was first proposed by the French Foreign Minister Vergennes. America, however, disagreed with his proposal and sought out their own solution. At this point, the war had been going on for seven years. Everyone was ready for it to end and for the countries to come to an agreement.

So, John Jay, Sixth Continental Congress President and New York Delegate, decided to begin negotiations with Britain. Lord Shelburne, the British Prime Minister from from 1782-83, agreed to negotiate with him. They came up with an agreement. Land east of the Mississippi River, north of Florida, and south of Canada would belong to America. Fishing off the Canadian costs were also permitted to Americans. The British also made sure that Americans would stop harassing Loyalists and return their properties and belongings. There were many other less significant agreements, too.

Both countries agreed to these terms. Everybody was anxious as ever for the countries to finally come to an agreement and stop fighting.


At the Hotel d’York, located in Paris and now known as 56 Rue Jacob, delegates from both Britain and America met. They signed the treaty on September 3, 1783, ending the war. John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and Henry Laurens represented America while David Hartley and Richard Oswald were representing Great Britain. Not everyone signed the document, only John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and David Hartley.

The treaty was not ratified by The United States Congress of the Confederation until January 14, 1784. A few months later on April 9, 1784, the British ratified the treaty as well. On May 12, 1784 the Treaty of paris became effective.