The attack on Pearl Harbor ushered the US into World War II overnight. In the decades since the attack it has been determined that the Japanese didn’t intend for the attack to be a complete surprise. The Japanese Declaration of War was supposed to be delivered but the Japanese ambassador failed to deliver the message in time before the attack was received.What were the results from that afternoon?
U.S.losses were: Casualties
USA : 218 KIA, 364 WIA.
USN: 2,008 KIA, 710 WIA.
USMC: 109 KIA, 69 WIA.
Civilians: 68 KIA, 35 WIA.
TOTAL: 2,403 KIA, 1,178 WIA.
USS Arizona (BB-39) – total loss when a bomb hit her magazine.
USS Oklahoma (BB-37) – Total loss when she capsized and sunk in the harbor.
USS California (BB-44) – Sunk at her berth. Later raised and repaired.
USS West Virginia (BB-48) – Sunk at her berth. Later raised and repaired.
USS Nevada – (BB-36) Beached to prevent sinking. Later repaired.
USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) – Light damage.
USS Maryland (BB-46) – Light damage.
USS Tennessee (BB-43) Light damage.
USS Utah (AG-16) – (former battleship used as a target) – Sunk.
USS New Orleans (CA-32) – Light Damage..
USS San Francisco (CA-38) – Light Damage.
USS Detroit (CL-8) – Light Damage.
USS Raleigh (CL-7) – Heavily damaged but repaired.
USS Helena (CL-50) – Light Damage.
USS Honolulu (CL-48) – Light Damage..
USS Downes (DD-375) – Destroyed. Parts salvaged.
USS Cassin – (DD-372) Destroyed. Parts salvaged.
USS Shaw (DD-373) – Very heavy damage.
USS Helm (DD-388) – Light Damage.
USS Ogala (CM-4) – Sunk but later raised and repaired.
USS Curtiss (AV-4) – Severely damaged but later repaired.
USS Vestal (AR-4) – Severely damaged but later repaired.
USS Sotoyomo (YT-9) – Sunk but later raised and repaired.
188 Aircraft destroyed (92 USN and 92 U.S Army Air Corps.)
Briefing for Japanese flight crews about the Pearl Harbor raid. A diagram of Pearl Harbor and the aircraft’s attack plan is chalked on the deck. 6 Dec 1941
The Japanese fleet launches the attack on Pearl Harbor. December 7th, 1941
A mock-up of Battleship Row at Pearl Harbor, recreated for a later Japanese propaganda film. Ca 1943
White House reporters dash for the telephones after they had been told by presidential press secretary Stephen T. Early that Japanese submarines and planes had just bombed the U.S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941
Aerial photograph, taken by a Japanese pilot, of the destruction of Pearl Harbor. December 7, 1941.
A navy photographer snapped this photograph of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 7, 1941, just as the USS Shaw exploded
Smoke pouring from sinking battleship USS California which was attacked during surprise Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor, 1941
Battleship Row, Pearl Harbor, December 7 1941
American ships burn during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941
Sailors watch on as the USS Shaw explodes in Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941
A Japanese “Type A” Midget Submarine sunk in the Battle of Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7th 1941.
The submarine’s hull shows the effects of depth charges and ramming. A hole visible in the after part of the conning tower may be from a 5″ shell.
The battleships West Virginia and Tennessee burning after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 1941
A Japanese American unfurled this banner the day after the Pearl Harbor attack. Hatred toward Japanese owned businesses resulted in many stores being burned and destroyed.
This store was closed following orders to persons of Japanese descent to evacuate from certain West Coast areas. The owner, a University of California graduate,was housed with hundreds of evacuees in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration of the war.
Two Japanese American Boy Scouts posting a notice about the Japanese internment camps shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Ironically, these two boys would soon be on their way to one of the camps, Los Angeles 1941
Civilian deaths, Pearl Harbor attack, December 7, 1941
A Japanese cherry tree hacked down with the words “To hell with those Japanese” carved into it three days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor at the Tidal Basin, Washington, D.C., December 10, 1941.
In 1912 Japan sent 3,020 cherry trees to the United States as a gift of friendship. First Lady Taft and the Viscountess Chinda, wife of the Japanese Ambassador, planted the first two cherry trees on the northern bank of the Tidal Basin.
US Marines firing rifles in salute of 15 officers killed at Naval Air Station Kanoehe Bay during the Pearl Harbor attack, US Territory of Hawaii, 8 Dec 1941
US Navy personnel honoring those killed at Pearl Harbor, Kaneohe, Hawaii, 1942
A rescue boat comes alongside the crippled USS West Virginia shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941.
Newspaper boys in Little Tokyo after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Los Angeles. December 7, 1941
A workman looks at a bomb that failed to explode but got lodged in in the side of the battleship West Virginia at Pearl Harbor
Corner of Montgomery and Market Streets after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, San Francisco, California, by John Collier, 8 December 1941