1. 1975: Arthur Ashe wins Wimbledon
Jimmy Conners was heavily favored to win the 1975 Wimbledon tournament, said to be the most coveted championship in Tennis. But there was one man determined to upset the top seeded Conners, Arther Ashe. Ashe had become the first African American to win the U.S. Open in 1968 and just two years later a win at the Australian Open. Conners would win the first game of the first set but Ashe put on a clinic beating him in six straight games to win. The same thing would happen in the second set making it seem like this “underdog” was going to win with a sweep, however Conner’s dug deep to pull a comeback win 7-5. Ashe had formulated a game plan where he wouldn’t hit anything hard looking for the kill shot. Instead he would focus strictly on “the junk” and Conners was not expecting this. Ashe went on to win the fourth set 6-4 making him the first African American man to win on the grass courts of Wimbledon on this day, 1975
2. 1946: French designer unveils the Bikin
It was on this day in 1946 at a popular swimming pool in Paris, France, that French designer Louis Reard unveils what he called the “bikini”. Interestingly the name was borrowed from the Bikini Atoll atomic bomb testing the United States had been conducting during that time. Reard allegedly had problems finding models that would wear his new creation, so he was forced to use dancers from the Casino de Paris as instead. Technically women had been wearing two piece bathing suits since the mid 1930’s, but nothing compared to the bikini. What was essentially a bra top and two triangle pieces of fabric sewn together with string sides became an instant hit in Europe, but it wasn’t until the 1960’s that the bikini was commonly seen on American beaches.
3. 1996: Dolly the sheep, the first cloned mammal
On this date in 1996 at the Roslin Institute in Scotland history is made as the first successful cloning of a mammal takes place. Commonly known as “Dolly” but going by the code name “6LL3”, was a female sheep that had been created using a mammary cell from the udder of a six year old ewe. As you can imagine this sparked all kinds of controversy, especially since it wasn’t announced to the public until February the following year. Supporters of this new found discovery felt that it could lead to significant advances in modern medicine. Things like potential organ donation and development of treatments for degenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s as well as preserving endangered species. Dolly would go on to live a semi-normal life over the next six years, even giving birth to four lambs. However in February of 2003 Dolly was put down after suffering from a progressive lung disease.